DAYS (NAMA HARI):
Sunday (minggu), Monday (senin), Tuesday (selasa), Wednesday (Rabu), Thursday (kamis), Friday (jumat), Saturday ( Sabtu). We also say weekend as “akhir pekan”.
Minggu also has same meaning with week. It is depend on the context.
We have national day off every Sunday. almost all institution gonna be closed during sunday except public service like hospital or police station and some others. And moeslem people gonna be have special prayer during mid day in Friday.
MONTHS (nama bulan):
we also speak bulan as moon :). dont make mistake. you have to know what is the context.
January (januari), February (februari), March (maret), April (april), May (mei), June (juni), July (juli), August (agustus), September (september), October (oktober), November (nopember),December (desember).
So far, it is not too difficult, right?.
example: today is October, 4 2012. in Indonesia we will say ” Hari ini tanggal 4 (empat) oktober 2012 (dua ribu dua belas)”. date = tanggal.
Good morning : selamat pagi
Good mid-day : selamat siang
Good afternoon : selamat sore
Good evening : selamat malam
Good night : selamat tidur
Good bye : selamat tinggal (if you are leaving), selamat jalan ( say to someone who leaving you)
thank you : Terima Kasih
thanks : makasi
you are welcome : kembali or sama-sama
how are you? : apa kabar?
excuse me : permisi or maaf
Politeness in Indonesian culture is very important.
how are you ? (apa kabar?) . fine (baik). or please sit down (silahkan duduk) or please come in (silahkan masuk).
The other important words are:
yes : ya and no: tidak.
I am sorry: saya minta maaf, maafkan saya.
sorry : maaf.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Z.
The spelling a little bit different rather than English. It is a little bit similar like Italian language. But there are some differentiation.
one (satu), two (dua), three (tiga), four (empat), five (lima), six (enam), seven (tujuh), eight (delapan), nine (sembilan), ten (sepuluh)
11 : sebelas
12 : dua belas
13 : tiga belas
14 : empat belas
15 : lima belas
16 : enam belas
17: tujuh belas
18 : delapan belas
19 : sembilan belas
20: dua puluh
21 : dua puluh satu
22 : dua puluh dua etc
30 : tiga puluh
31 tiga puluh satu etc
101: seratus satu
10.000 : sepuluh ribu.
so, for the beginning, I think it is easy. if anyone has question please free contact me in my facebook.